How To Learn Jazz: A Beginners Guide
Since I started this site I’ve received numerous emails from readers asking me the best way to get started learning jazz as a beginner.
For jazz beginners this beautiful style of music can seem intimidating and hard to tackle.
Don’t worry though. You’re not alone! I remember feeling the same way myself as a young musician while listening to great jazz musicians. I would sit in my basement and just listen over and over again to people like Charlie Parker, Herbie Hancock, Wes Montgomery, and others. How were they playing like that??
I was so amazed by how they sounded but I had no idea what they were doing to get that magnificent sound. I constantly wondered where I could I even begin to sound like these guys?
Now, many years later as a pro musician I look back on those uncertain times and wish I had discovered a clearer direction when I started.
So, in order to help the beginners out on their own path to growth, I’d like to discuss some core components of what you need to to begin to play this wonderful style of music.
Hopefully this will give you guys a more focused start on your jazz journey. This is the starter guide/advice I wish I would have had as a newbie. Let’s get to learning!
1. Start With Learning Some Jazz standards
Learning jazz is truly like learning any new language. Every time you learn a new “word”, or in our case a new chord, lick, or a new scale, it becomes a piece of vocabulary you can then use in a sentence.
Now, of course learning new “words” is important to any language but if you don’t know how to construct and speak a full sentence it will always be hard to communicate.
To continue with our metaphor, learning jazz tunes is the equivalent of us truly being able to speaking in sentences. Once you know tunes then you can apply any new musical idea you learn to jazz songs.
So, the first step should be to spend some time actually learn some jazz tunes. A good starter point for any new tune is to just start by learning the melody and the chord changes.
Jazz Tune Suggestions To Start With
You can start with tunes like Satin Doll, Blue Bossa, Misty, Autumn Leaves etc. If you need more ideas of beginning jazz tunes I would recommend you read this beginning jazz standards to learn article.
You should also check out this discussion of jazz fake books where we discuss some of the best fake books to learn from.
2. Aural Tradition and learning the Jazz Language
We’ve discussed this before in our switching to jazz from classical article. The fundamental approaches to learning jazz are different than classical. All the notes are written out in classical music. In jazz some of the notes are written out but alot of the style of jazz music needs to be learned by ear and listening.
The true essence style is transferred by listening. It’s very important that you invest your time into figuring out what you’re hearing.
How To Figure Out What You Hear
Spend time figuring out the things you love on your favorite recordings.
You don’t have to figure out a whole album of material you like. You can start very simple. Just figure out 2-4 bars of something you really enjoy. In a perfect world this would be on a song or chord progression you are already are familiar with.
To help me study things more closely I like to use a music loop and slow down program called Transcribe. I use it on a daily basis and I find it very helpful to study faster or more detailed music at a slower and more manageable tempo.
Listen closely for things like note choices, articulation placement of rhythms, etc. This kind of stuff can be very different than classical. Especially when it comes to beat placement and where accents are played.
It’s not required that you notate everything you hear but it’s important that you can at minimum play along with the recording in time. If it’s too fast for you to play along with at full speed use Transcribe to slow the recording down for you.
On a final note, please keep in mind that when you play jazz, rhythm and articulation take on a much greater significance Never forget that. It’s not just the notes it’s how you rhythmically play them. As Duke Ellington said, “It don’t mean a thing if it ain’t go that swing!”
3. Jazz Piano Theory Concepts
It is also very useful to spend time learning more about jazz piano theory. Learn some common chord progressions. Even if you’re not a piano player knowledge of chords will be very helpful.
Learn some fundamental jazz chords and some chord voicings. A good place to start would be these chord lessons on shell voicings, rootless minor voicings, rootless dominant voicings, or even a I-VI-II-V-I chord progression. You can even start by learning some solo piano chords.
4. Start to acquire some jazz vocabulary.
One of the best ways to really learn the essence of this style of music is to study the licks of master jazz musicians. A good place to start is to learn a few II-V-I (2-5-1) licks. It’s the most common chord progression in jazz.
There are tons of licks from the jazz masters to learn on this site. You could start with this Barry Harris lick, or this Bud Powell Lick, a Charlie Parker lick, a Red Garland lick, or even a Bill Evans lick.
There are so many lessons on this site. Start somewhere. Start anywhere. Just get started!
5. Building Your Own Jazz Vocabulary
Once you learn your licks and/or your chords make sure you spend time figuring out what makes each piece of vocabulary work. How are they built? What are the building blocks? What are the core components?
By getting to the essence of each piece of vocabulary can use them as a springboard for coming up with your own licks.
By coming up with your own vocabulary you’re essentially finding your own voice within the jazz tradition.
At it’s highest level jazz really is about personal expression. So, analyze, understand, imitate, and then reinvent. Welcome to playing jazz and enjoy the ride!
What will you start to learn first? If you’re already have some experience what will you learn next? Please leave a comment below and let us know!
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